False Google reviews threaten companies / Pixabay

Founded in 1998, the Google search engine still enjoys extreme popularity in 2021. A quasi-monopoly is the consequence. Google has with many users the call to be a neutral authority in the Internet. Many decisions are made only after a Google “research”, so that thereby indicated negative evaluations can make life difficult for enterprises – of Valentin Schulte economist & stud. iur with the law office Dr. Thomas Schulte, Berlin.

Google Box

If companies are included in the local Google search, a box appears in the search results on the right-hand side, which contains the essential company data and shows the location of the company on Google Maps. Also important are the reviews, which are reflected in a star rating of five stars to one star. Customers thus have the opportunity to briefly describe their experience with the company and additionally assign a star rating. Negative reviews jump right out at customers and thus have an immediate impact on the company. The reputation takes serious damage. It often happens that not customers but competitors or other opponents vent their frustration. A Google account is quickly created, so that this is even possible anonymously.

Deletion of the review by Google

Reviews can be reported by users directly to Google if they are inappropriate. Google employees review these deletion requests and subsequently delete reviews that violate the guidelines. This procedure is subject to a certain degree of arbitrariness on Google’s part.
The main criteria for inappropriate content here are:

  1. Spam and fake content
  2. Off-topic content
  3. Restricted permissible content (in particular, advertising in the form of photos and links are prohibited; photos of menus, for example, are permitted)
  4. Illegal content (here explicitly: terrorist content, sexually explicit content, offensive content, dangerous or derogatory content, and identity theft)
  5. Conflicts of interest (reviews of one’s own company or negative reviews of competitors.

Google sometimes requires the applicant to provide evidence that reviews violate its policies. If a competitor now uses his or her real name to give a bad review to a competitor company, it is easy to assign the review to the competitor, and experience shows that Google will promptly delete the review. It is more difficult with anonymous profiles that cannot be assigned.

Legal situation

Valentin Schulte / Kanzlei Dr. Schulte
Valentin Schulte / Kanzlei Dr. Schulte

In general, it should be noted that Google ratings are covered by the freedom of expression guaranteed in the constitution (Article 5 GG). Reviews can thus only be deleted if the freedom of opinion itself is restricted. This is the case, for example, in the case of untrue statements of fact or defamatory criticism.
A fact is an objectively provable fact, so that an untrue statement of fact can also be referred to as a lie. If the lie can be refuted, the legal chances of deletion are very good. The defamatory criticism deals with the content of the rated company, but also disparages the responsible persons, owners or the entire company. If reviews are therefore untrue statements of fact or defamatory criticism, the rated party has a claim for deletion. This claim can also be enforced in court. Here it is advisable to first approach Google and request the deletion.

If the deletion has not been made by Google, it is advisable to take legal action with the help of a lawyer. Here, for example, the preliminary injunction with subsequent legal action is available. However, since the correspondence with Google is also difficult, possible applications – which result in a successful deletion – should be briefly discussed with a lawyer in advance.

V.i.S.d.P.:

Valentin Markus Schulte
economist, stud. iur

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Der Beitrag schildert die Sach- und Rechtslage zum Zeitpunkt der Erstellung. Internetpublikationen können nur einen ersten Hinweis geben und keine Rechtsberatung ersetzen.

Ein Beitrag aus unserer Reihe "So ist das Recht - rechtswissenschaftliche Publikationen von Dr. Schulte Rechtsanwalt" registriert bei DEUTSCHE NATIONALBIBLIOTHEK: ISSN 2363-6718
19. Jahrgang - Nr. 4186 vom 6. April 2021 - Erscheinungsweise: täglich - wöchentlich


Valentin Schulte

Über den Autor:

Valentin Markus Schulte ist Absolvent der Universität Potsdam mit Abschluss als Volkswirt (B.Sc.) im Jahr 2019. Neben seinem Masterstudium der Economics ist er Stud. jur. und Autor und Blogger. Sein besonderes Interesse gilt den internationalen Finanzmärkten. Außerdem begeistert ihn die Wettbewerbspolitik sowie die geschichtliche Entwicklung der Volkswirtschaftslehre mit ihren Theorien. 

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